Digital business ecosystems, also known as DBE, is an extension of Moore’s business
system, in which technology plays a major role. The business system is an economic
community of loosely connected organizations and individuals that produce valuable
goods and services. The birth of one business system is motivated by inter-industrial
action analogous to biological ecosystems. DBE expands the concept of business
systems. While business systems show the generic interdependence of the organization,
DBE centralizes digital technology and puts the main emphasis on them.
Subjects in research of digital business ecosystems are: business problems, technical
problems, DBE conceptualization and DBE artifact. Some of the business issues include:
axial codes, open source, DBE alliance business issues, network analysis, value co-
creation, DBE management and legal issues, trust risk and security, knowledge
development, spreading and managing DBE strategies and process management. Among
the technical we consider: platform design, process and service design, technology,
architecture, system integration and interoperability. DBE conceptualization research
includes: development and management, projects and DBE genesis and properties, and
artifact: methodologies, frameworks, models, and modeling languages.
One of the most well-known examples of DBE is, for example, the project for the 2003
EU research program. The importance of regulatory trust for e-business in digital
business ecosystems was formalised into a taxonomy, dynamic knowledge base of
regulatory issues that develops in a continuous, evolutionary way, that is intended to
address those issues through modelling and populating them. It will also need to be
expanded to a set of sector-specific and local implementation regulatory cases. Thus and
on the grounds of the issues highlighted by the SMEs (Small and Medium-sized
Enterprices) in the empirical testing of the taxonomy, the authors have identified the
following three areas for further work:
Firstly, in the area of privacy and consumer protection, questions regarding the types of
data that SMEs will deposit and exchange within the ecosystem environment and the
respective regulatory controls to apply need to be further examined. Secondly, in the
domain of e-signatures and authentication, a number of questions regarding the level of
security requirements which are applicable to the transactions carried out by the SMEs
are still unanswered.
Finally, the area of cross-border online contracting within the e-business ecosystem
vision raises issues regarding possible barriers to recognition of electronically concluded
contracts in the selected implementation cases with possibly serious implications for the
DBE contracts framework.
Also known example of digital business ecosystems is usage of Rent A Dent. It
represents a platform that allows patients to explore dental clinics abroad, giving them all
the information they need. When the desired clinic is chosen by the patient, Rent a Dent
platform acts as an intermediary between them to assure that both parties are satisfied and
that the agreed dental services have been rendered.